What has changed in Russia since January 1, 2010: new laws and rates
From 1 January 2010 in Russia comes into effect a series of laws and regulations that will substantially change the lives of citizens. In the new year and the first day of retirement, rates and prices for public services. Introduced minimum prices for vodka and a maximum on essential medicines. Also the Russians have the opportunity to monitor the work of officials.Pensions and the maternity capitalSince 2010 begins valorisation of pensions recalculation of the size of pension provision for those citizens who earned their seniority in the Soviet era. Estimated pension capital will be increased by 10%, it will increase by 1% for each year of the Soviet working experience prior to 1991, reminds ITAR-TASS.Changes the order of the pension provision of persons with disabilities. The appointment of a labour disability pensions will be set according to disability group, regardless of whether the disabled degree of restriction of ability to labour activity.Moscow authorities are set to non-working pensioners of the capital the minimum size of the urban social standard pension plus benefits, $ 10275 rubles. Also from 1 January 2010 for non-working pensioners set of regional social surcharge to pension is a monthly compensation payment to pension.In 2010, the first family will be able to take full advantage of means of the parent capital". Since the adoption of decision support for families with children three years as defined by the legislation. For families raising more than one child will be able to send the maternity capital in the Pension Fund, spend it on the purchase or construction of housing, pay for the education. To date, the amount of maternity capital is 343 378 thousand rubles.Cancelled the unified social tax. Instead, premiums are set in the Funds - Pension, medical and social insurance. In accordance with the law, the tariff rate of insurance premiums will remain at the level of the UST and 26% in the Pension Fund is 20%, the social insurance Fund - 2.9% and Funds of obligatory medical insurance - 3.1 per cent.Expensive travel, utilities and feesIn 2010, the growth in electricity tariffs will be 10% for ordinary consumers, organizations and enterprises appreciation of 7.6%. Tariffs for housing and communal services in Moscow as of 1 January increase more than a quarter, reminds RIA "Novosti". On average since the New year, Muscovites have to monthly pay 26% more than in 2009.With the new year increased the cost of tickets for trains and metros. Most again "lucky" to Muscovites and residents of suburbs, say "Novye Izvestia". With the new year travel in suburban trains has become more expensive by 17.8%. The public transport has risen by almost 20%.Several times increase of the registration fee. For example, to register the marriage and issue the divorce will become twice as expensive. As for the name change you will have to pay five times more - 500 rubles instead of the previous 100. More expensive Russian and foreign passport, and pass inspection will increase in price in 10 times.In 2010 will increase the excise tax on tobacco (30-50%) and alcohol (10-30%), specifies "Fontanka.". Also from 1 January introduced a minimum price for vodka - 89 rubles per half-liter bottle.But since 2010 in Russia changed the system of control over pricing in the pharmaceutical market, and the new rules will limit the growth of prices for medicines. Producer prices for vital medicines will be fixed."Clunkers" can be exchanged for moneyIn Moscow, St. Petersburg and 17 Russian regions new year begins an experiment on recycling of cars of domestic and import production over 10 years. Upon delivery of the car to the scrap, the consumer will receive a certificate of value of 50 thousand rubles, which can be used only for the purchase of a new domestic car.The Russians have the right to monitor public authoritiesFrom January 1, entered into force the Federal law providing for public access to information about the activities of state bodies, reminds "Interfax". "Every citizen now has the right to obtain information from state and municipal sources," explained the Chairman of the Duma Committee on information policy, information technologies and communications Valery Komissarov.The law implies not only the provision of information on request, but also mandatory to inform people without any queries that may present an inconvenience or danger to the citizens.The law stipulates that the information on the activities gerganov can be provided either free or on a paid basis. For free information provided verbally or through the Internet, and to pay to the curious citizens have information "if its size exceeds the size specified by the government of the Russian Federation", as well as postage and copies of documents.