Medvedev arrived at the nuclear summit in the US to protect Russia's position
The President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev has arrived in Washington for a summit on nuclear security. As ITAR-TASS, the Russian head of state will deliver a speech at a reputable center for political science Brookings Institution, and present position of Russia in the field of nonproliferation.Recall that the participation in the summit is attended by 47 countries and the UN, the International atomic energy Agency (IAEA) and the European Union. This is the most solid representation of the event since the San Francisco conference in 1945, engaged in the creation of the UN.As has informed journalists the Russian presidential aide Sergei Prikhodko, scheduled for today, two working sessions. They focused on national efforts to ensure nuclear security, international efforts in the field of nuclear safety and the IAEA's role in nuclear security.According to Prikhodko, Medvedev confirms Russia's position, which is that an effective global nuclear security can be achieved only in the presence of appropriate and effective national systems of all States". "We recognize the importance of international cooperation in this field in compliance with the requirements of national legislation, ensure the confidentiality of information and prevent its falling into the hands of criminals," - said the assistant to the President of the Russian Federation.He stressed that "nuclear security in Russia is maintained at the proper level." "All nuclear materials and the corresponding facilities on the Russian territory are provided with reliable protection; Russia fully complies with its international obligations in the field of nuclear security," - said Prikhodko.Assistant to the President recalled that Russia participates in a number of international conventions in the field of nuclear security, especially in the Convention on the physical protection of nuclear material and the Amendment thereto, and also initiated the adoption of the International Convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism and one of the first countries to ratify it.In addition, on March 29, Russia and the IAEA signed an agreement on creation in Russia of the guaranteed reserve of low enriched uranium. "The document is intended to ensure a reliable supply of nuclear fuel to member States of the IAEA who can't for non-profit reasons to buy on the world market of fuel for its nuclear power plants," - said Prikhodko.In his words, "reducing the risks of proliferation of nuclear weapons, to strengthen nuclear security in the world, as well as to ensure the realization of the legitimate interest of many countries in the development of nuclear energy is to promote multilateral approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle"."The Russian contribution to the promotion of multilateral approaches was the implementation of the RF President's initiative to create a global nuclear energy infrastructure to ensure equal access of all interested countries to nuclear energy in compliance with the requirements of the nonproliferation regime and its pilot project on creation in Angarsk, in conjunction with the Kazakhstan International center for uranium enrichment, the members of which are now also Armenia and Ukraine", - he noted.The summit is expected to take two outcome documents: communiquГ© and work plan, said Prikhodko. It is also assumed that each participating country will circulate the national Memorandum on the subject of nuclear safety, which will be published on the website of the summit.Experts: Nuclear summit will be "sharp", but will not solve all problemsMeanwhile, foreign media and the expert community pay attention to the fact that the narrower agenda of this summit actually bypasses the sensitive issue of nuclear proliferation. At the nuclear summit was not invited Iran and North Korea, refused to come to the Prime Minister of Israel (sent, however, a substitute).According to "Nezavisimaya Gazeta", the summit agenda was specifically narrowed to avoid acute conflict situations. It is not only about the problems of the nuclear programs of Iran and North Korea, but also emerged in recent signs of increased nuclear race in South Asia.So, according to the newspaper The New York Times, the White house turns a blind eye to a new danger: the start into operation in Pakistan new facilities for production of weapons-grade nuclear materials and the ability to build nuclear weapons by India.All this is evidence of the extreme seriousness of the problems of nuclear proliferation and the difficulties of its solution, says NG. The main discussion on this topic is yet to come: at the meetings of the UN Security Council, which will discuss steps against Iran, and the UN Conference on the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT).The conference will give rise to explanations between different groups of members - members of the official nuclear club, unofficial nuclear powers and other countries. We can expect that this explanation will be extremely sharp, says the publication.